Python 备份小程序16 Aug 2012
#!/usr/bin/python # Filename: backup_ver4.py import os import time # 1. The files and directories to be backed up are specified in a list. source = ['/home', '/home/'] # If you are using Windows, use source = [r'C:\Documents', r'D:\Work'] or something like that # 2. The backup must be stored in a main backup directory target_dir = '/users/flowerowl/' # Remember to change this to what you will be using # 3. The files are backed up into a zip file. # 4. The current day is the name of the subdirectory in the main directory today = target_dir + time.strftime('%Y%m%d') # The current time is the name of the zip archive now = time.strftime('%H%M%S') # Take a comment from the user to create the name of the zip file comment = raw_input('Enter a comment --> ') if len(comment) == 0: # check if a comment was entered target = today + os.sep + now + '.zip' else: target = today + os.sep + now + '_' + \ comment.replace(' ', '_') + '.zip' # Notice the backslash! # Create the subdirectory if it isn't already there if not os.path.exists(today): os.mkdir(today) # make directory print 'Successfully created directory', today # 5. We use the zip command (in Unix/Linux) to put the files in a zip archive zip_command = "zip -qr '%s' %s" % (target, ' '.join(source)) # Run the backup if os.system(zip_command) == 0: print 'Successful backup to', target else: print 'Backup FAILED'